USAID's Planning and Local Governance Project works both at the national policy level and at the local level to gain full acceptance for the principles of decentralized governance and to disseminate and institutionalize practical and effective methods and techniques for municipal management.
The USAID Planning and Local Governance Project published its eighth newsletter. This biannual publication provides up-to-date information on the progress of the Project and features news about ongoing and up coming activities.
USAID supported the development of Community-Based Scorecards in several Albanian communities in 2016. These surveys gauge the perceptions and needs of citizens in both their urban and rural areas.
The goal of this project is to improve local democracy by empowering citizen mechanisms. Its specific objectives seek to encourage interaction and dialogue between citizens and local authorities by incorporating citizens’ priorities and needs in local programs and budgets, by creating conditions for sustainable improvements of service delivery to communities, and by strengthening cooperation between both parties. The Community-Based Scorecard Project ran for a time span of 6 months, June-November 2016, and included 10 municipalities – Municipality of Shkodra being one of them.
The CBS process gives to the Municipality of Shkodra a clear picture of citizens’ evaluation of public services, economic development, functioning of local democracy, and human rights at local level.
Click here to view the Scorecard from the Municipality of Shkodra.
In 2015, the Government of Albania (GoA) completed a radical program of Territorial and Administrative Reform (TAR) that reduced the number of local government units from 373 to 61. The central objectives of TAR are to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of public administration at both the national and local levels, to improve the quality of local public services, and to encourage more balanced socio-economic development. To help ensure the achievement of these goals, the GoA requested that USAID support work designed to bring the country’s intergovernmental finance system in alignment with its new local government system. In particular, the GoA asked for recommendations concerning the size and allocation of the Unconditional Grant.
This policy paper summarizes our findings and recommendations. The modeling tool provided in this document allows policymakers to test different scenarios, permitting them to rapidly test a range of scenarios in a technically sound way, even if the final grant design they choose deviates from our recommendations.